The electrostatic field of force between two electrons produces a repulsion effect.

Additionally, the moving electron mass increases according to the Lorentz gamma factor.

The gain in mass is pure kinetic energy which is transferable to another electron through the field of force.

This mechanism is the result of the Doppler effect and it can easily be explained thanks to Active and Reactive Mass



The "biconvex" field of force.

Two electrons or positrons emitting all azimuth spherical waves produce the characteristic standing wave set below.

The electrostatic field of force.

It may be called "biconvex" because only curved waves are adding constructively.


The cross section is similar to the diffractive (or zonal) lens.


Because the field of force may be seen as thousands of stacked lenses focusing towards both electrons, one should indeed expect a strong lens effect from it. But from an optical point of view, those lenses definitely cannot work because the concentric zones are moving away from the center. The phase rotation cancels the focusing effect.

Fortunately, the electron works very much like a stroboscope. This well known device can immobilize any rotating system, and it is also true in the case of a phase rotation. The electron is indeed a perfect stroboscope because its standing waves periodically appear everywhere simultaneously, and then disappear. And because a significant part of the electrostatic field is located inside both electrons, this should activate the field of force amplification in such a way that some of the radiated energy is finally transmitted directly towards both electrons. Then the phase coincides and the radiation pressure is much more intense.

On the contrary, the positron quadrature cancels the stroboscope effect and there is no radiation pressure any more. But the equivalent pressure responsible for inertia is still present on the opposite side. This finally ends up with a symmetrical attraction effect.

Additionally, more electrons in the vicinity should add their own standing waves to the process and a synchronization process should take place. Then the electron spin as a common phase or opposite phase (which is simultaneous and allows two spins) becomes evident. Positrons, however, are all hidden inside protons where the required quadrature is present.



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Gabriel LaFreniere

Bois-des-Filion in Québec.

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On the Internet since September 2002. Last update October 10, 2008.